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ST. LOUIS -- The October Prices Received Index (Agricultural Production), at 85.1, decreased 3.5 percent from September 2018. At 80.1, the Crop Production Index decreased 9.1 percent. The Livestock Production Index, at 91.3, increased 3.4 percent.

Producers received higher prices for milk, hogs, cattle, and lettuce but lower prices for grapes, soybeans, apples, and lemons. Compared with a year earlier, the Prices Received Index is down 3.1 percent. The Crop Production Index decreased 3.1 percent and the Livestock Production Index decreased 3.2 percent. In addition to prices, the indexes are influenced by the volume change of commodities producers market.

Increased monthly movement of soybeans, corn, cotton, and calves offset the decreased marketing of milk, cattle, broilers, and greenhouse & nursery. The Food Commodities Index, at 88.8, decreased 2.0 percent from the previous month and decreased 5.2 percent from October 2017.

Access to National Agriculture Statistics Service (NASS) Reports

NASS reports and products may be accessed in the following ways:

  • All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web site:
  • Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit and in the “Follow NASS” box under “Receive reports by Email,” click on “National” or “State” to select the reports you would like to receive.
  • Follow them on Twitter @usda_nass.

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the Heartland Regional Field Office at 314-595-9594 or e-mail

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