DECATUR — In an average year, many farmers would welcome an early-June rain event.
There is nothing typical about the start of the 2019 growing season, however, and any rain that Central Illinois farmers receive at this point is more likely met with frustration than open arms.
“There are some isolated fields that are still just too wet to do much work in,” said Lloyd Arnold, a Macon County farmer who farms near Decatur. “Almost all of the fields are too wet for ideal conditions, but we have to push the envelope a little to get the crop in. Some fields, particularly going north, still have standing water in them.”
There hasn't been a week to dry anything out, said Wayne Andrews, a farmer from rural Bloomington.
“Spring rain isn’t unusual,” Andrews said. “But when it rains every other day, everything stays wet. Everything stays muddy.”
And, more than likely, everything stays quiet. The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimated that Illinois farmers had about two days suitable for fieldwork during the week that ended Sunday. It was an improvement over previous weeks, but it allowed only a portion of the corn and soybeans to be planted by Illinois farmers.
As of Sunday, according to the USDA, 45 percent of the corn had been planted in Illinois, an increase of 10 percentage points since the previous week. Still, that lags well behind normal. Last year, 100 percent of the corn had been planted by June 2, and since 2014, 98 percent of the corn, on average, had been planted each year by June 2.
Also as of Sunday, 21 percent of the soybeans had been planted, a jump from 14 percent in the previous week but well behind last year (93 percent) and the five-year average (84 percent).
“The conditions we have are no laughing matter,” said Nyle Wiechmann, a crop claims supervisor with Bloomington-based Country Financial.
He was one of three speakers at a special "prevented planting" meeting on Monday night at the Interstate Center in Bloomington. About 100 farmers attended the meeting, hosted by the McLean County Farm Bureau.
"Prevented planting" is a failure to plant an insured crop with the proper equipment by the final planting date designated in an insurance policy, according to the USDA.
“We know it is very serious and frustrating. Farmers want nothing more than to get into the fields and get their planting finished.”
In May, the Decatur area received 5.3 inches of rain, about 0.5 of an inch above average, according to the National Weather at Lincoln.
Yields will be affected by a late planting season. Prior to the spring, the USDA predicted 14.96 billion bushels of corn, up from last year’s yield of 14.3 billion bushels, but agriculture experts now are cutting back on those projections, forecasting a drop of 9 percent for corn and 4 percent for soybeans from the original estimates.
Farmers can file for prevented planting insurance coverage to cover a percentage of the loss of crops, the focus of the Monday night meeting at the Interstate Center.
“But when it becomes no longer practical to replant, it becomes a failed crop,” Wiechmann said.
Among other options, farmers can switch their planned cornfields to soybeans, which can accommodate a later planting season.
“That is something everyone is considering,” said Macon County farmer Bob Hendricks, who farms corn and soybeans near Warrensburg. “As farmers, you always have to be willing to deviate from your plan. I think the issue we have this year is that the rain keeps you from doing anything to move forward and it creates anxiety and worry.”
That can lead to conversations at elevators and coffee shops, which, warns Wiechmann, can be somewhat dangerous.
“Everybody’s farm operation is a little different,” he said. “Some may have a landowner/tenant situation or some may have different insurance options or different ways of doing things. What is best for your neighbor is not always best for you.”