The race for the seat on the Illinois Supreme Court that represents 37 counties in southern Illinois is pitting a centrist Democratic candidate against a self-described “constitutional conservative” Republican.
Democrat Judy Cates, 68, and Republican David Overstreet, 54, are competing for a spot on the state's highest court that is currently held by Lloyd Karmeier, a Republican who plans to retire from the bench in December.
Cates and Overstreet both serve on the 5th District Appellate Court – one of five state appellate courts, which are below the Illinois Supreme Court and hear appeals from circuit courts.
The losing candidate in November’s election will continue serving on the appellate court until his or her term ends.
The Illinois State Bar Association rated both Cates and Overstreet as “highly recommended.”
After graduating from Washington University School of Law in St. Louis in 1977, Cates worked as a prosecutor in the St. Clair County State’s Attorney’s Office. She spent about 30 years in private practice before she was elected to a seat on the 5th District Appellate Court in 2012. She was a founding partner of the Cates Law Firm in Swansea, but left the firm upon her appellate court election.
Cates, who grew up in Belleville, is the only woman to serve as president of the Illinois Trial Lawyers Association.
Overstreet, a Mount Vernon native, earned his law degree from the University of Tennessee College of Law in 1991. He has worked in small, private firms – in southern Illinois and Knoxville, Tennessee – until being appointed to the 2nd Judicial Circuit Court in 2007 by Karmeier, who Overstreet describes as his role model.
He was elected to the circuit court in 2008, appointed to the appellate court in 2017, and won election to the appellate court in 2018.
Overstreet did not respond to requests for an interview.
In an interview, Cates said she believes a major issue in this election is the selection of circuit court judges to fill judicial vacancies, which are generally filled by an appointment from the Illinois Supreme Court.
Although the entire Supreme Court votes to appoint new circuit or appellate judges, the court gives deference to recommendations from the justice who represents the district where the vacancy occurred.
If elected, Cates said she would recommend qualified and diverse candidates to the bench.
“Because what is not well understood by voters, is that the Supreme Court justice for your district selects judges whenever there's a vacancy [in the district],” Cates said. “That's why this whole race is going to be about how to select judges. What is the judiciary going to look like in 10 years? Are we just going to have more of the same, or are we going to have a bench that more fairly reflects southern Illinois?”
In a video interview earlier this month with Williamson County Republican Party Chairman Jeff Diederich, Overstreet said he would follow Karmeier’s approach to selecting judges – which is the same process that Karmeier used in 2007 to choose Overstreet.
Overstreet said Karmeier’s process involves appointing a committee of legal professionals, attorneys and others to interview applicants for a vacancy.
“Those folks would vet the candidates and pick the top two, three or four,” Overstreet said in the interview from Oct. 6. “I, as a Supreme Court justice, would interview those and choose the candidate who would best serve the public as a circuit judge.”
For both candidates, the theme of law and order has also dominated this election campaign.
Overstreet has claimed the statewide endorsements of the Illinois State Rifle Association and the Illinois Fraternal Order of Police.
Cates touts endorsements from sheriffs in Jackson, Madison, St. Clair and Randolph counties, as well as her experience as a prosecutor.
“Law enforcement to me, as a former prosecutor, is very important to keep our community safe,” Cates said. “I know what criminals are like, and I know what that devastation does to a family. ...I get it. I understand that.”
Combined, both campaigns have spent roughly $1 million – which pales in comparison to the $9.3 million total spent during Karmeier’s 2004 election contest against Democrat Gordon Maag.
Karmeier was the first Republican elected to the Illinois Supreme Court in the 5th District since the judicial districts were formed in 1964.
In 2005, Karmeier cast the deciding vote to overturn a $1 billion jury verdict against State Farm that was awarded in a 1999 case, Avery v. State Farm.
Years later, State Farm faced a federal class action lawsuit that alleged the insurance company illegally funneled money to Karmeier’s 2004 campaign. State Farm reached a $250 million settlement with the class of policyholders in 2018. The insurance company maintained the claims in the lawsuit were without merit, and the settlement was "made simply to bring an end to the entire litigation,” according to a State Farm news release at the time. For his part, Karmeier has said he didn’t know who was funding his campaign.
Cates said Karmeier should have recused himself from the State Farm case, adding that she already recuses herself from cases that involve her campaign contributors.
“If a case comes before me now, and I have a donor involved, I’ve already recused myself,” Cates said.
In an interview with the Chicago Daily Law Bulletin in late February, Overstreet said he doesn’t look at his financial contributors but would consider recusing himself if he was deciding on a case involving one of his donors.
If a party to a case before him has donated in a “major way,” Overstreet said at the time, he “would have a duty to take a look at that and, try to, if it’s going to cause an appearance problem, to recuse myself.”
Geographical makeup of the Illinois Supreme Court
The seven justices on the Illinois Supreme Court are elected from five judicial districts.
The 1st Judicial District, which encompasses Cook County, contains three justices.
The court’s Democratic majority consists of Justice Thomas Kilbride, from the 3rd Judicial District, and the three 1st District justices – Anne Burke, Mary Jane Theis and P. Scott Neville.
The 2nd District covers the north and western suburbs of Chicago, including Lake, McHenry, DuPage, Kane and Kendall counties; while the 3rd District extends across portions of north-central Illinois, including Will County, the Quad Cities, Peoria, Ottawa and Galesburg.
The 4th District spans 30 counties in central Illinois from the Indiana border to the Mississippi River bordering Missouri.
Republicans Michael J. Burke, who is unrelated to Anne Burke, and Rita B. Garman hail from the 2nd and 4th districts, respectively.
Michael Burke was appointed in March following the retirement of Justice Robert Thomas, who served on the high court for 20 years. Thomas currently works for Power Rogers LLP, a plaintiff law firm in Chicago.
Sign up for our Crime & Courts newsletter
Get the latest in local public safety news with this weekly email.